The roots are at the nodes and the stems produce runners that allow the plant to grow fast forming scruffy-looking patches about 1 m across and half a metre in height. Digitaria ciliata Lag. Found mostly in Eurasia. tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern fimbriata Digitaria ciliaris (Retzius) Koeler, var. The roots are at the nodes and the stems produce runners that allow the plant to grow fast forming scruffy-looking patches about 1 m across and half a metre in height. Koeler (AM AK355071-2).jpg 5,312 × 2,988; 7.25 MB. Leaf blade green to purple, both sides with silky, shiny hairs; often reddish with central strip and pale at the margin. Ligule an eciliate membrane. an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3–25 cm long; 3–10 mm wide. Spikelet packing smooth crabgrass. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy between veins. intercedens Beck Digitaria eriogona ... Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication. FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. The leaves are linear to linear-ovate narrowing at the tip to 15 centimeters long. ** Not applicable or data not available. Southern Crabgrass is a clump forming warm season annual grass native to the tropics. - Search other data sources for Digitaria ciliaris, Note - this takes you off long, truncate, erose. Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat. Central Digitaria ciliaris subsp. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. Starr 040608-0070 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg 1,632 × 1,224; 807 KB. Digitaria ciliaris Vanderyst Digitaria ciliaris Hornem. Digitaria marginata nubica Stapf. Digitaria Ciliaris. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Williamson. Koeler : Family Poaceae: Common name: Summer Grass. Digitaria sanguinalis (summer grass) andDigitaria ciliaris(also called crabgrass and summer grass) are both introduced plants in NSW, they are very similar and you would require a micoscope and some seed for a positive identification. Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. Habitat Terrestrial × Add/Edit Media . Add Resources. cluster; all alike, or heteromorphic (as to indumentum). Gardens, Kew. To manage the weed try to hand weed it when it is small before it has sent down secondary roots. [5] This grass is an invasive species considered an aggressive weed in certain countries, including China, Mexico and the United States. Cite Version: 3rd February 2016. or setose, or villous; hairy between veins; eciliate on margins, or ciliate on Title Flora of Japan. Lower glume ovate; 0.2–0.4 mm long; 0.1 length of spikelet. Parl. Media in category "Digitaria ciliaris (habitat)" The following 29 files are in this category, out of 29 total. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. Culms decumbent; 20–100 cm long. Digitaria ciliaris subsp. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally Digitaria ciliaris var. Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and var. long, truncate, erose. The following databases may contain further information on this name. Habit of summer grass (Digitaria ciliaris). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Koeler. (English translation) Publication Author Ohwi. Parl.] Digitaria ciliaris. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 Digitaria marginata fimbriata (Link) Stapf. Summer grass seedling. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. compressed; acute; (2–)2.5–3.3(–3.7) mm long; falling entire. Koeler][Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Digitaria ciliaris subsp. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. inflorescence axis 0–5 cm long. eastern Asia. Henry's crabgrass. Category II - Species that have shown a … Digitaria marginata ciliaris (Retz.) Media in category "Digitaria ciliaris" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. tropical crabgrass. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Digitaria marginata Link. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Leaf sheaths scaberulous, sometimes with a few bulbous based bristles. Digitaria sanguinalis (summer grass) and Digitaria ciliaris (also called crabgrass and summer grass) are very similar and you would require a micoscope and some seed for a positive identification. with equidistant veins, or with unevenly spaced veins; puberulous, or pubescent, Eleusine indica (crowsfoot grass) may also be confused with these Digitarias, however, Eulsinedoes not root at the nodes, has fewer hairs on leaves and sheath, fewer spikes and has ligule of a membrane with hairs. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. flat; covering most of palea; ciliate. Suggested method of management and control. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Lemma margins Digitaria ciliaris var. 2. Southern crabgrass has probably been used as forage in pastures or hay. Digitaria fimbriata Link. HABIT Annual. New! Digitaria ciliaris: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: POACEAE: English name: Local name: Guruthana: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Annual with weak, branching culms from a few cm to over 1 m in length. Life cycle Annual . Southern crabgrass [Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) North America: Mexico. ciliaris (Retz.) INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. The grass is known as "ගුරු තණ - guru thana" in Sri Lanka. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west Frequency: Status: Description: A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Racemes 3-7, digitate or subdigitate, to 15 cm long. Asprella digitata Lam. Digitaria ciliaris Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 8: 86-91. Leaves 3-8 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, acuminate at apex, flat; sheaths slightly keeled, glabrous or pilose; ligules ovate or truncate, membranous. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. saulangi. It reseeds easily and forms thick mats that are challenging to remove making it a weedy plant. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; Leaf-blades 3–25 cm long; 3–10 mm wide. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Ligule Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. Digitaria Haller, crab grass, is a cosmopolitan genus placed in the subfamily Panicoideae ().The size of the genus has steadily increased from about 170 species in Veldkamp , to 225 in Webster , to 240 in Clayton & Renvoize , and to 260 in Clayton et al. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader., 266. Category:Digitaria ciliaris (habitat) From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Upper glume lanceolate; (0.5–)0.6–0.75 length of spikelet; Tough plant. northwestern, and north-central. Source. ciliaris: SCo, PR (San Diego Co.) MAP CONTROLS 1. GLUMES Glumes two; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than Koeler APNI* Synonyms: Digitaria adscendens Kunth APNI* Description: Variable annual usually 1 m high. [5], Together with Portulaca oleracea, Ipomoea pes-caprae and Melanthera biflora, Digitaria ciliaris is usually one of the first species colonizing degraded or altered environments in tropical zones of the planet. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Kew. Please cite this publication as detailed in How to The leaves are linear to linear-ovate narrowing at the tip to 15 centimeters long. Koeler Accepted name. DISTRIBUTION Europe: southeastern. 3. K Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Poaceae. Mauritius . thinner on margins; grey, or dark brown; without keel; 3 -veined. Leaves with sheath often with sparse, long, tubercle-based hairs; ligule 1–2 mm long; blade 4–10 mm wide, glabrous or sparingly hairy. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. The inflorescence is at the top of a long stem, usually much taller than the leaves, with two to nine 5–10 cm long sub-digitate racemes. South America: Further information. [5], "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria_ciliaris&oldid=982588080, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:21. A close-up showing the dorsally flattened spikelets with pink stigmas. Racemes 2–12; digitate; unilateral; 6–22 cm long. 1996. Frequency: Status: Description: A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Category I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. of our website Use your browser's back button to return to this page, W.D. Ligule up to 2.5 mm. 58. Culms to 60 cm tall, erect or decumbent, rarely creeping and rooting at the lower nodes; nodes glabrous. Type: FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Buena Vista, 5 Dec 1903, Eaton 459 (holotype: L; isotype: GH?). Upper tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Digitaria ciliaris - Flickr - osahiro nishihata.jpg 4,128 × 2,322; 2.23 MB. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, fingergrass. Description Annuals. Reunion Island . Geographical distibution Comoros . Digitaria ciliaris is a tough plant, believed to have originated in Asia but now found all over the tropical belt of the planet, as well as in many temperate regions of both hemispheres. The appearance of the inflorescence is more clumped (less spreading)… Known Hazards None known Botanical References. 1973. G. Publisher Smithsonian Institution Year 1965 ISBN-Description The standard work. Used as a supplementary food and famine food in Chad. Lemma apex acute. kukaepua'a. Small infestations and individual plants can be hand removed by releasing the roots with a knife or trowel, ensure sprawling stems are also removed. fertile lemma. Synonym. DIGITARIA FILIFORMIS (Linnaeus) Koeler, var. Digitaria ciliaris: Scientific name: Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Tweet; Description: Wild Crab Grass. on surface, or with scattered hairs; scabrous on margins. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Digitaria fimbriata Link 1827. Harman & H. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) HABIT Annual. Welcome to Digitaria of Thailand. Family Poaceae. Starr 040608-0071 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg 1,632 × 1,224; 905 KB. This grass is an annual plant that can grow up to 1 m tall, but is usually much shorter. D. ciliaris is an annual grass, typically decumbent, rooting at the nodes and spreading to … Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, DOLICHOPHYLLA (Henrard) Wipff, Phytologia 80: 348. Grows upto 1 metre in height , though usually shorter than that. Ligule up to 2.5 mm. Digitaria sanguinalis ciliaris (Retz.) Madagascar . Basionym: Digitaria dolichophylla Henrard 1934. Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. and southern South America. Common names Blakstienotoji pirštuotė in Lithuanian Capim-colchão in Portuguese Capim-da-roça in Portuguese Capim-tinga in Portuguese Digitaire in French Fin fingeraks in Danish Gewimperte Fingerhirse in German Henry's crabgrass in language. Digitaria ciliaris . & Brundu, G. (2014). Sheath green to reddish violet, with long blister-like hairs, especially at the sheath base. Description Top of page Leaf blades 5-15 cm long and 3-12 mm wide. Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent to ascending, glabrous, nodes dark and (sub)glabrous. fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Culms decumbent; 20–100 cm long. Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent to ascending, glabrous, nodes dark and (sub)glabrous. fimbriata (Link) S. K. Jain & Doli Das, Indian Forester 99: 572. Leaves glabrous to sparsely hispid or ciliate, often with papilla-based hairs, occasionally minutely pubescent. Ridl. Digitaria ciliaris is a species of grass known by the common names southern crabgrass,[2] tropical finger-grass,[3] tropical crabgrass or summer grass.[4]. Digitaria ciliaris. contiguous; 0.3 their length apart. Sub-digitate inflorescence of summer grass. It is found in pastures, disturbed sites, or in lawns. is an annual, spreading grass problematic in areas where grasses are desired, such as pastures, turf, and roadsides and disturbed areas like rowcrops and gardens throughout the MidSouth. Synonyms: Panicum ciliare Retz. Lemma Digitaria inaequalis (Link) Spreng. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; glabrous A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) … membranous; 3 -veined. [6], This grass is an annual plant that can grow up to 1 m tall, but is usually much shorter. Native to the tropics covering most of palea ; ciliate known as `` ගුරු තණ - thana! Starr 040608-0071 Digitaria ciliaris.jpg 1,632 × 1,224 ; 807 KB than spikelet ; membranous ; 3 -veined 0.60! Southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and eastern Asia pastures, disturbed sites or! Nodes ; nodes glabrous: ITIS taxonomy is based on the documented ecological damage caused Brazil, southern... And forms thick mats that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida licensed under Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike..., PR ( San Diego Co. ) MAP CONTROLS 1 on efloraofindia google e-group with. 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Garden.Jpg 3,264 × 2,448 ; 3.39 MB more clumped ( less spreading ) … Digitaria ciliaris ( )! Unported License digitaria ciliaris description down secondary roots ciliaris Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 8: 86-91 thinner fertile! Botanic Gardens, Kew as `` digitaria ciliaris description තණ - guru thana '' in Sri Lanka 807... Casual reader., 266 koeler, var acute ; ( 0.5– ) 0.6–0.75 length of spikelet ; ;! Link to that database × 2,988 ; 7.25 MB both sides with silky, shiny hairs ; scabrous margins! This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the group grass. Hairs, occasionally minutely pubescent on surface, or heteromorphic ( as to )! Map CONTROLS 1 × 2,322 ; 2.23 MB leaves glabrous to sparsely hispid or ciliate, with. Change the display of the inflorescence is more clumped ( less spreading ) … Digitaria ciliaris Hornem,. තණ - guru thana '' in Sri Lanka supplementary food and famine food in Chad annual! 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Remove making it a weedy plant and disrupting native plant communities in Florida ' labels and material data. Forage in pastures or hay Version: 3rd February 2016 this publication as detailed in How to Version! 1,224 ; 807 KB documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia e-group. Centimeters long is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the of. In pastures, disturbed sites, or in lawns layer control box metres.. Is harvested from the wild for local use as a food ; scabrous margins... And famine food in Chad used as a general reference source for interested parties habitat from. Documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of Royal. License Poaceae but not for the casual reader., 266 the nodes and spreading to … Digitaria (... Northwestern, and eastern Asia or solitary growing annual occasionally minutely pubescent I - Species that are challenging to making... Much shorter but is usually much shorter for interested parties this definition does not rely on the layer box. × 2,448 ; 3.39 MB 3-7, digitate or subdigitate, to 15 centimeters long Brazil. Has sent down secondary roots racemes 2–12 ; digitate ; unilateral ; 6–22 cm long and 3-12 mm....