Hel, also known as Hella, Holle or Hulda, was the Norse and Teutonic Goddess, Queen and Ruler of the Underworld, which was known as Niflheim, or Helheim, the Kingdom of the Dead. "Egils saga" as collected in various (2001). [3], Other related early Germanic terms and concepts include the compounds *halja-rūnō(n) and *halja-wītjan. Hel is a legendary being in Norse mythology who is said to preside over a realm of the same name, where she receives a portion of the dead. Two of the figures are understood to be Baldr and Odin while both Loki and Hel have been proposed as candidates for the third figure. Occasionally, it’s also referred to as “Helheim,” “The Realm of Hel,” although this is much more common in the secondary literature than in the Old Norse primary sources. An episode in the Latin work Gesta Danorum, written in the 12th century by Saxo … Her name’s meaning of “Hidden” surely has to do with the underworld and the dead being “hidden” or buried beneath the ground. It was no idle vision, for after three days the acute pain of his injury brought his end. Her manservant is Ganglati and her maidservant is Ganglot (which both can be translated as “tardy”). (2002). [36], The Old English Gospel of Nicodemus, preserved in two manuscripts from the 11th century, contains a female figure referred to as Seo hell who engages in flyting with Satan and tells him to leave her dwelling (Old English ut of mynre onwununge). (2001). [13] In stanza 4 of Baldrs draumar, Odin rides towards the "high hall of Hel. In Norse mythology, Hel’s father was the trickster god Lokiand her mother the giantess Angrboda. I’ve also written a popular list of The 10 Best Norse Mythology Books, which you’ll probably find helpful in your pursuit. In the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Hel is described as having been appointed by the god Odin as ruler of a realm of the same name, located in Niflheim. A poem from the 9th-century Ynglingatal that forms the basis of Ynglinga saga is then quoted that describes Hel's taking of Dyggvi: In chapter 45, a section from Ynglingatal is given which refers to Hel as "howes'-warder" (meaning "guardian of the graves") and as taking King Halfdan Hvitbeinn from life. The word has cognates in all branches of the Germanic languages, including Old English hell (and thus Modern English hell), Old Frisian helle, Old … Hel was born with the bones on one half of her body fully exposed and, thus, is often depicted as a half-black and half-white monster. Davidson concludes that, in these examples, "here we have the fierce destructive side of death, with a strong emphasis on its physical horrors, so perhaps we should not assume that the gruesome figure of Hel is wholly Snorri's literary invention. p. 156, 168. In the underworld she is supposed to sit in judgment on souls. "Naming committee stops parents from naming daughter after goddess of the underworld". The beloved god Baldur was slain by none other than Hel’s father, Loki, and the gods sent an emissary named Hermod to Hel in hopes of retrieving Baldur. In the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, Hel's realm is referred to as the "Halls of Hel. Hel (Old Norse Hel, “Hidden”[1]) is a giantess and/or goddess who rules over the identically-named Hel, the underworld where many of the dead dwell. See more ideas about norse mythology, norse, mythology. [44], Davidson further compares to early attestations of the Irish goddesses Badb (Davidson points to the description of Badb from The Destruction of Da Choca's Hostel where Badb is wearing a dusky mantle, has a large mouth, is dark in color, and has gray hair falling over her shoulders, or, alternatively, "as a red figure on the edge of the ford, washing the chariot of a king doomed to die") and The Morrígan. Hel, Norse Goddess of the Dead and the Underworld You cannot separate light from its shadow. In chapter 49, High describes the events surrounding the death of the god Baldr. [28] In chapter 46, King Eystein Halfdansson dies by being knocked overboard by a sail yard. "Frauen und Brakteaten - eine Skizze" in. Hermóðr arrives in Hel's hall, finds his brother Baldr there, and stays the night. If it is Hel she is presumably greeting the dying Baldr as he comes to her realm. Goddess of … The saga attributes the poem to 10th century skald Egill Skallagrímsson, and writes that it was composed by Egill after the death of his son Gunnar. [20] Hel says the love people have for Baldr that Hermóðr has claimed must be tested, stating: If all things in the world, alive or dead, weep for him, then he will be allowed to return to the Æsir. The god Hermóðr volunteers and sets off upon the eight-legged horse Sleipnir to Hel. Lehmann, Winfred, A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986). Hermod asks if they can have Balder back again and Hel [the goddess who presides over the realm of the same name] says they can – under certain conditions.” The goddess Frigg asks who among the Æsir will earn "all her love and favour" by riding to Hel, the location, to try to find Baldr, and offer Hel herself a ransom. In the same source, her appearance is described as half blue and half flesh-coloured and further as having a gloomy, downcast appearance. The name Hel, quite literally means "one that hides" or "one who covers up." Hermod and the other gods went around and got almost everything in the cosmos to weep for Baldur. This office, the similar name and the black hue [...] make her exceedingly like Halja. Hel is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. [23], In chapter 5 of the Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál, Hel is mentioned in a kenning for Baldr ("Hel's companion"). In addition, she is mentioned in poems recorded in Heimskringla and Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th centuries, respectively. Davidson (1998:178) quoting 'the recipient ...' from Kinsley (1989:116). [2] Snorri Sturluson. She haunts the battlefield or cremation ground and squats on corpses. Looking for more great information on Norse mythology and religion? Scholarly theories have been proposed about Hel's potential connections to figures appearing in the 11th-century Old English Gospel of Nicodemus and Old Norse Bartholomeus saga postola, that she may have been considered a goddess with potential Indo-European parallels in Bhavani, Kali, and Mahakali or that Hel may have become a being only as a late personification of the location of the same name. Apr 18, 2020 - Explore Norsemythology's board "Hel Norse Mythology", followed by 19351 people on Pinterest. 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