In this video, we ask how bad was it? "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" Sherman became infamous for this sort of leadership that was indifferent to the suffering of others. Sherman intended his March to the Sea to break the will of the Confederate population. Oddball Answer has 2 votes Oddball 20 year member 13 replies Answer has 2 votes. These were direct orders from General Sherman. He defeated Confederate General John Hood at the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). “. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? This shows how the industrial cities in Georgia soon came to be ineffective during Sherman’s march as they had no efficient way to export their goods with all of the important railroads destroyed in Georgia. rachybaby . Sherman’s March to the Sea Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was a contradiction embodied. The Washington Post, Sep 14 2014, ProQuest. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as … What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea. 11 Terms. (8) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. the General Declared, Defining the Union's "Hard War" Strategy." Asked by Priscilla9. The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. He eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms. Destroying railroads helped the war effort in preventing Confederate resupplies from the industrial cities in Georgia. How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? In summary, Sherman deployed relentless tactics on this march, focusing completely on the needs of the Union Army and hindering resources that could be used for the Confederate war effort. was reelected as President. Sherman's march to the sea brought the Civil War home to Southern civilians. Troops marched from Atlanta to Savannah burning the town. Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the southern city of Atlanta. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. The march lasted a little more than a month. (4) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. Engraving depicting brutality of Union troops along the path to Savannah. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. Sherman had his troops heat up the rails enough to bend them around the nearby trees(9). What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea? Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. Few became casualties, but many lost property and felt demoralized. English Bill of Rights. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. 12 Apr. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. please - 17138629 Southern civilians who owned these farms had to deal with Sherman’s troops taking it upon themselves to ruin the economy as a way of ruining support in the South. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. Learning Outcome: Students will be able to use sourcing, contextualization, and corroboration to present conflicting perspectives about Sherman’s use of total war. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" Standard histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March to the Sea invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential. Not only were Confederate homes not safe from Sherman and the Union Army, the plantations were also targeted. Also, according to Carr in. (3) Page 29, Moody, Wesley. William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and … The March to the Sea, which culminated with the fall of Savannah in December 1864, cut a swath of torn-up railroads, pillaged farms and burned-out … The Army destroyed railroads, farms, and houses- gobbling up  food and confiscating jewelry looted from civilians. These began to be known as “Sherman’s Neckties” and were found all along the path where the Army had marched. 3 Answers. The March to the Sea After sending Thomas and Schofield back to Tennessee, Sherman had 62,000 soldiers. While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). shermans march. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). “Sherman’s soldiers also targeted Georgia’s agricultural production, burning barns and storehouses containing food supplies that they didn’t need for themselves, and shooting or bayoneting livestock that they couldn’t take with them” (7). General Sherman’s March to the Sea, also known as the Savannah Campaign, was conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864. The outcome was the Union. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. These were direct orders from General Sherman. He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. (7) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. After the March, Savannah’s position was used to allow Sherman to capture the Carolinas and if needed invade Virginia. This destruction of Savannah was to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war”. This march is known as Sherman’s March to the Sea. Were the results of General Sherman's march to the sea during the Civil War of America considered positive for the South or the North? Sherman’s Tactics: Strategy and Total War, The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. Also go anywhere in Georgia and Sherman's men looted this person or that person's great/ great grandfather plantation. Former Southern Brigadier General Clement A. Evans asserted, for example, that there was no force available to obstruct Shermans soldiers. Question #80527. What was the legacy of the outcome of Sherman's March to the Sea? What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). The Atlanta campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. And unfortunately, that is exactly what they did. These moves would allow Sherman to assist Grant in his main goal of forcing Robert E. Lee to surrender. , The New Press, 2012. This campaign was under the leadership of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. Through his March to the Sea, he became the first general in the nineteenth century to use total war against an opponent. The march did not hit every place in Georgia. Sherman’s March to the Sea devastated Georgia and the Confederacy. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his … The March William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. Explain the purpose and the outcome of Sherman’s March to the Sea. His tactics have remained controversial. Sherman's march to the sea . With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. Destruction of a Railroad by the Union Army in Georgia (1864). Log in Sign up. “. It also made Sherman a brute to many Southerners and a hero to Union supporters. According to contemporaneous Confederate accounts, Sherman's March to the Sea was a hideous form of “total war.” Yankee savages — particularly Sherman's … (9) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. Sherman's psychological warfare of destruction had a major effect on the outcome of the war. Web. Also, according to Carr in Sherman’s Ghosts, along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5) This resulted in destruction of tons of private property from Atlanta all the way to Savannah, as the order gave permission for the troops to take what they needed from the Southern civilians. Favorite Answer. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, (6) Mitchell, Robert B. “The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. When did organ music become associated with baseball? ‘With untiring zeal,’ Union veteran George Ward Nichols wrote in an account of the campaign, ‘the soldiers hunted for concealed treasures’ and confiscated jewelry, plate and other valuables in addition to food. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? Other articles where March to the Sea is discussed: American Civil War: Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war: …15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. There are a couple of things that people get wrong about Sherman's March To The Sea. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Sherman’s troops lived off the land and directly targeted farms, factories and railroads — and more — as military targets. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. It was so effective that he did not actually need to take the other cities in Georgia on his way to Savannah. , The New Press, 2012. Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864, opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000. This shows how the industrial cities in Georgia soon came to be ineffective during Sherman’s march as they had no efficient way to export their goods with all of the important railroads destroyed in Georgia. His first goal was to completely destroy every railroad that he encountered on his march(8). Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. One of the most infamous campaigns of the Civil War was William Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia to the Sea. Answer Save. “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5). SETS. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. Lincoln Sherman, one of the most successful Union generals during the American Civil War, devastated the Confederacy by leading more than 60,000 soldiers in a flanking march … Though, the tactics on the March provided needless violence and destruction that would have not impacted the outcome of the war, such as looting houses for jewelry, destroying food that couldn’t be carried, and slaughtering livestock at farms, which took away from Southern civilians instead of Confederate troops. proclamation of 1763. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, , The New Press, 2012. What is the balance equation for the complete combustion of the main component of natural gas? In turn with living off of the land, Sherman had a specific plan for the railroads along the march. The march actually began in Atlanta and did not end there. General Sherman finally gained control of the city of Atlanta on September 2, 1864. 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