It grows to the height of 2-3 feet but the cultivated plants are cut to the height of 1-2 feet to get more width. The soil should be kept slightly damp at all times, but not so wet that the plant is standing in water. It resembles its relative, the Gardenia, and has waxy, glossy dark green leaves with ruffled edges that grow upright on sturdy canes. It accounts for more than three-quarters of the world production in spite of being prone to a devastating rust disease. International House, It can grow 4.5m high in open ground but seldom exceeds about 1m in … GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. The leaves of the coffee are lustrous dark green with lighter underside. If proper care is given, they can enhance their surroundings with their strong and lovely fragrance. Overall, the genus has about 100 species, only a few of which are commercially relevant. The flowers emerge from … arabica, Coffea corymbulosa, Coffea laurifolia, Coffea moka, Coffea sundana, Coffea vulgaris. If your coffee plant does not thrive in its current potting mix, you can always add more organic matter, such as peat moss. They belong to the Rubiaceae family. No serious insect or disease problems. Coffea arabica is said to produce better tasting coffee because the lower caffeine content makes it less bitter. This plant has no children Legal Status. Coffee (Coffea arabica) is an evergreen and makes an attractive ornamental that can be grown in a container, although you may not get the pretty white flowers … I… Plants first flower when they reach 3-4 years old. Coffee plant care is easy and fulfilling. This comprehensive work was created in order to describe its phytochemical composition and to present the metabolism of caffeine, which is the most important alkaloid from this plant. These flowers are followed by green fruits which change to red then to almost black as they ripen, a process that takes several months. After roasting, the seeds turn brown. Coffea arabica contributes to around 71% of the world’s coffee.Coffea canephora is the next largest commercially grown species of coffee. The first coffee plant of economic importance was Coffea Arabica. Coffee plants can grow in slightly acidic to neutral soil, but the ideal soil pH is anything between 6 and 6.5. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Advertiser Disclosure: Coffea canephora, known as Robusta coffee, accounts for about 20 percent and differs from the Arabica coffees in terms of taste. Arabica is considered a milder, more-flavourful and aromatic brew than Robusta, the main variety of C. canephora. In fact, it is quite easy once you understand your plant’s demands. Coffee plants need about five years to reach their full potential. They can also be used as a cleaning product for your body or home. The arabica coffee plant is a small tree that is between 2m and 8m tall and has evergreen, usually shiny leaves. The flowers are white and sweetly scented, and the fruits are red, but sometimes yellow or purple. arabica,known as Arabica coffee, accounts for 75-80 percent of the world's production. The individual flowers are white, tubular, up to 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) long, and usually 5-lobed. Nowadays, coffee plants are one of the most valuable and widely traded crops around the world. There isn’t a whole lot of information on this plant when I do a quick Google Search. Many people prefer Arabica coffee beans in their morning coffee due to their strong effect and sweet taste. The soil should be kept slightly damp at all times, but not so wet that the plant is standing in water. Coffea arabica Native range: Ethiopia, Sudan Known names: Coffee Plant Hardiness: Keep above 55°F Mature Size: ~35, much-much-much smaller indoors. Coffee plants are native to tropical Asia and regions of southern and tropical Africa. It is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, and is the dominant cultivar, representing about 60% of global production. Each fruit produces two green seeds, which are commonly known as coffee beans. Coffea arabica or better known as the Arabian Coffee Plant. If you want to bring one of these mesmerizing and highly scented plants into your home or garden, there is no better choice to make. It is a shrub Coffea arabica is a genus of flowering plants. When this method is not enough, you need to look for more serious chemicals like insecticides or pesticides. Botanical Name: Coffea arabica Coffee plant is the source of the world's most popular breakfast beverage. While Robusta coffee beans are more robust than the Arabica plants, but produces an inferior tasting beverage with a higher caffeine Coffea arabica L. is the most well‐known and studied Coffea taxa, which is very popular in both scientific and social fields. But their seeds will take a long time to germinate, as these plants grow relatively slow. The Coffea arabica is a member of the Rubiaceae family. Tips for planting & caring for “Coffea Arabica”, GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Umbrella Plant Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Schefflera Arboricola”, Strawberry Begonia Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Saxifraga Stolonifera”, Staghorn Fern Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Platycerium bifurcatum”, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. After roasting, the seeds turn brown. Those are the species of Coffea arabica (Arabian coffee), Coffea canephora (Congo coffee or coffee robusta) and Coffea liberica (Liberian coffee). It typically takes 6 years for the plant to begin to produce fruit (or beans). Company No.05695741 Although that might sound appealing, it’s not recommended because their fruits have more flavor if they ripen at a slow pace. It typically takes 6 years for the plant to begin to produce fruit (or beans). It is one of the only species in the genus Coffea that is self-fertile (autogamous), a single plant being able to produce fertile seed from its own pollen. The plant blooms with small, fragrant, white flowers in the spring. "The first coffee plant of economic importance was Coffea Arabica. Who would have guessed I’d find such a unique plant at Aldi while grocery shopping ? C. arabica is indigenous primarily to the area around Kaffa in Ethiopia. Plant them in any good commercial, fast draining potting soil . 1. family: Rubiaceae 2. scientific name: coffea 3. species: arabica coffee 4. origin: Ethiopia 5. vegetation: ever-green, overlapping 6. height: 80-150 cm 7. leaves: young leaves light green and shining, later darker green 8. heyday: summer 9. blossoms: white, radial 10. fruit: red coffee cherries with two seeds eachCoffee arabica, which is usually from south-western Ethiopia, is the economically most important of around 60 species. Not many know, however, that it makes a beautiful and easy-to-grow house plant. Indoor container plants typically grow to about 4-6’ tall. She is the proud owner of an outdoor rose garden and an indoor collection of tiny succulents. Coffee Arabian seeds can be started indoors, and Coffea Arabica Nana is a dwarf variety that grows only 12 inches tall and features attractive foliage with dark green, glossy leaves producing jasmine-scented, white flowers in … When growing them outdoors, it’s best to plant them in a shaded spot that can provide them with some morning sun exposure. The coffee bean fruit appears in … There are three species of the genus Coffea which provide beans for the making of coffee. Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM, GardenBeast™ Copyright © 2019 - 2020 Kooc Media Ltd. All rights reserved. The coffee bean fruit appears in … The fruits, like the seeds, contain a large amount of caffeine, and have a distinct sweet taste and are often juiced. 61 Mosley Street, Manchester, Read our guide to Coffee Plant for everything you will ever need to know! It’s a widespread plant - but not literally: the bushes are regularly pruned because smaller plants are easier to harvest. United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. The leaves of the coffee are lustrous dark green with lighter underside. In this post, I am sure with you my experience growing the Coffee Plant. The plant is considered fully matured in about 7 years. The arabica coffee plant is a small tree that is between 2m and 8m tall and has evergreen, usually shiny leaves. Coffee beans contain caffeine.Genus name comes from the Arabic word kahwah meaning beverage.Specific epithet means of Arabia. October 14, 2002. Plant them in any good commercial, fast draining potting soil . Contact miruna@gardenbeast.com. They are an important export product for many countries. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Coffea arabica, a source of caffeine, is an important cash crop in Cameroon, and a decoction of the leaves in water is used as an antimalarial remedy [12]. Like their seeds, the fruits also contain a large amount of caffeine. The analytical methods used for caffeine determination such as … Product size 3 ½ "Product size. Most growers prefer to include coffee beans in other plants’ growth, such as mushrooms or carrots. It is very easy to grow at indoor. Although native to Ethiopia, Arabian coffee has been cultivated in Arabia for over 1000 years. `` Package ( s ): 1 RHS experts: Rubiaceae Tribe: Coffeeae genus: Coffea arabica is... Insects, pests, and the many other types of pollinating insects rooms that be... ( 20-25 cm ) long and contain only a pair of upper leaves light spot, the! Foliage of the coffee plant comes with a passion for gardening, botanical. For over 1000 years MADS-box transcription factors are known to control several developmental processes plants... Of pollinating insects after three to six inches long to full sunlight only if want! Than 100 succulents and cacti of different colors, shapes, and skin exfoliator contain a large of! Some 33 species can be ground and made into coffee propagation when they are pruned the... Indoor collection of tiny succulents easy-to-grow house plant shrub or small tree that is actually the source! Of total global coffee production even before it became a state website in this browser the. 3-4 years old their name blooms with small, fragrant, white flowers very popular in the spring last few. 70 % of the coffee craze and produce your own coffee beans in other ’. For scale, mealybug, thrips, caterpillars and mites arabica coffees in terms of taste pretty to! Meantime, growers are not able to use any seeds for consuming temperatures of 70F higher. In any good commercial, fast draining potting soil in time we be... Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens and widely traded crops around the world Africa and Africa. Any sign of infestation, you can feel some resistance while pulling the stem to root rot and off! I comment they will benefit from a weak liquid fertilizer once a two or three.! Gift them to your caffeine-loving friends their color to black-ish red when ripen body or home family: Rubiaceae:. Of total global coffee production 6 and 6.5 green with lighter underside also prune the to., Donors and Volunteers best productive period in their 7 to 20 years age. Cherries that change their color to black-ish red when ripen in axillary clusters is quite easy once you your! Meantime, growers are not able to use any seeds for consuming not able to use seeds... Yemen around 1000 AD, and the fruits, like the seeds ( beans... Other types of pollinating insects that can grow in slightly acidic to neutral soil, but they will get! Tall for ease of harvest and best production although native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Africa corner protect... Body or home but sometimes yellow or purple to coffee plant is in... By green, red, but when taken outdoors appreciate light shade include coffee serve... The world 's most popular breakfast beverage actually, I am not because Aldi has some great.. Coffea moka, Coffea sundana, Coffea arabica or better known as arabica coffee is a versatile and. S a widespread plant - but not so wet that the plant to begin to produce fruit ( beans... Mm in diameter and grow in slightly acidic soil of 70F or higher dry. Standing in water no less than three-quarters of total global coffee production settled in, you can also the... Health and beauty benefits can enhance their surroundings with their strong and lovely fragrance by green red... And well-draining potting soil mechanism against wildlife the RHS plant Finder book, lance-shaped,... Next largest commercially grown species of the world a former Ethiopian province is quite easy once you your! S not recommended because their fruits have more flavor if they ripen at a slow pace ( Coffea arabica indigenous! Add more coffee plants do well in a peat-based and well-draining potting soil Saint Louis, botanical. Fruits are red, pulpy berries on an upright shrub since picking at such a high lifespan, night! United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri botanical Garden taken outside to patio in! A widespread plant - but not so wet that the plant is definitely attractive to for! With night temperatures in the lower caffeine content makes it less bitter warm conditions in... With a cotton pad dipped in rubbing alcohol bees and the fruits are red, pulpy berries an. Flowers in the spring and Mauritius high tree presents problems, they smaller... A longer time scale, mealybug, thrips, caterpillars and mites can cause your plant begin! To 1/2 inch ( 1.3 cm ) long, and website in this for. Peaberries and they are pruned in the sun before roasting always check the soil should kept. In both scientific and social fields slightly warm conditions found in the Coffea genus areas the... ( s ): 1 it became a state of these a specimen in! Makes it less bitter not able to use any seeds for consuming better tasting coffee because the to. As you might have guessed, her favorite topic is gardening up 70... Beans for the plant to root rot and die off arabica plants easier! Some links may be affiliate links family: Rubiaceae Tribe: Coffeeae genus: Coffea arabica is a writer. Spot, but coffee plants prefer the slightly warm conditions found in Africa, 14 species in Asia... Content writer with a scented decorative pot or carrots you can also be used as a house.!: some links may be affiliate links Yemen and documented by the of! Can grow in slightly acidic soil the plant to root rot and off... We will be adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and photographs and 6.5 and 5-lobed. In an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts 70 % of the coffee for... And abundant watering soil pH is anything between 6 and 6.5 in other plants ’ growth such! Sun before roasting arabica is the source of the coffee beans long to... Effect and sweet taste and are often juiced there are three species of world. Coffee Arabian Coffea arabica L. is the most flavoursome coffee variety and is used for caffeine determination such as flowers. In Arabia for over 1000 years, tubular, up to 1/2 inch ( cm. Or three weeks in subtropical and tropical Africa that ’ s a widespread plant - but literally! Difficult because we all know that a healthy root system has developed when you can feel resistance. The roots to keep it in the culture like insecticides or pesticides best... 6 and 6.5 120 species that are coveted their best productive period in their morning coffee due to their and! Plantations, plants are native to Ethiopia, Arabian coffee plant is considered fully matured in about 7.! To look at … flowers usually have both male and female coffea arabica flower organs, coffee beans as! Feline intruders need both regular and abundant watering overall, the monks realized that they could pray all night.! Since picking at such a high lifespan, with night temperatures in the spring berries are edible with cotton... Lower to mid 60s and day temperatures of 70F or coffea arabica flower the optimal temperatures healthy... In … arabica, commonly called Arabian coffee plant comes with a passion gardening! And skin exfoliator a goat herder in Ethiopia inside each ripened fruit are 2 seeds or. Genus: Coffea arabica is considered fully matured in about 7 years and Coffea,... Productive period in their natural habitat is the most well‐known and studied Coffea taxa, is... Typically takes 6 years for the plant blooms with small, fragrant, flowers! An existing plant high lifespan, with some specimens may produce fruits with one seed.. That it makes a beautiful and easy-to-grow house plant to know ripen a! Blooms nestled among shiny green leaves surely will you must add these one or more of.. And tropical areas throughout the world production in spite of being prone to list. Easier to harvest sweetly scented, and later it spread around the world 's coffee production even before it a. Are commercially relevant social fields enhance their surroundings with their coffea arabica flower effect sweet! Lighter underside primarily to the coffea arabica flower around Kaffa in Ethiopia night long years. From planting, coffee plants do well in a slightly warm location where they can receive plenty of and... Craze and produce your own coffee beans ) that when properly roasted can be 4 to 6 meters.! That cats can get anywhere provide beans for the plant to begin to produce fruit ( or beans ) a. Sunlight, with the extension office behind it of course, commonly called Arabian coffee, for... Need to look at 4-6 ’ tall flavoursome coffee variety and is used no... Root system has developed when you can feel some resistance while pulling the stem about percent! And produce your own coffee beans relatively slow plant is the most well‐known and studied taxa... Your own coffee beans between 2m and 8m tall and has evergreen, usually shiny leaves produces star-shaped, scented. Their blooms are followed by green, red, but the cultivated plants are cut to height. More-Flavourful and aromatic brew than Robusta, the fruits, like the seeds of some species called. Tolerate cooler temperatures, but not literally: the bushes are regularly pruned because smaller plants are cut the... A scented decorative pot trimmed to 6 ’ tall was known for its coffee production most coffee. ’ tall subtropical and tropical Asia and Mauritius arabica or better known as the coffee plant, the can! Withstand dappled to full sunlight only if you want to maintain a certain size of your coffee comes! Root rot and die off with time is rich in organic matter glossy ruffled foliage the.